What is Diabetes?

Chronic diabetes, including type 1 and type 2 diabetes, means that you have too much glucose (a form of sugar) in your blood. Elevated levels of blood glucose can lead to serious health problems including heart disease, nerve pain, kidney failure, frequent infections, and blindness.

Type 1 diabetes is commonly referred to as “juvenile” diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is often referred to as “adult onset “diabetes and usually occurs later in life. The occurrence of type 2 diabetes has clearly been linked to obesity and a sedentary lifestyle.

Symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes include:

  • Chronic fatigue
  • Increased thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Slow-healing sores
  • Nerve pain
  • Frequent infections

How is Diabetes Linked to Mitochondrial Dysfunction?

Specialized cells located in the pancreas secrete the hormone insulin. Insulin production is an energy-dependent process. If a person’s dietary intake of sugar is too high for a long period of time, the ability of the pancreas to keep up with the demand to produce insulin may begin to fail. The cells that make insulin essentially burn out.

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